Costa Rica to Nicaragua Border Crossing: The Complete Guide (2023)

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The Costa Rica to Nicaragua border crossing at Penas Blancas was the longest and most confusing of all the border crossings I’ve completed in South and Central America. That’s why I’m sharing a full guide below!

We crossed the border by foot, and this guide is geared toward other travelers doing the same. Our journey took us from La Fortuna, Costa Rica to San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua in one day. You can also start your journey in Liberia or San Jose, Costa Rica. In this Costa Rica Nicaragua border crossing guide, I’m including instructions for all of the above. Let’s get to it!

NOTE | I completed this border crossing in December 2022, and have updated this post for 2023. I’m doing my best to keep this article updated. If you find this guide helpful, please comment below with any changes or updates! Together, we can help future travelers navigate the Costa Rica Nicaragua border safely.

A white immigration building with palm trees.
The Nicaraguan immigration building.

Costa Rica to Nicaragua Border Crossing Locations

Unlike some of the other South and Central American countries we’ve passed through, there is really only one main border crossing between Costa Rica and Nicaragua. It is called Penas Blancas, and it is on the west side of each country.

This is convenient if you’re crossing into Nicaragua, because most of the tourist destinations are on the west / Pacific side.

Costa Rica to Nicaragua Border Crossing: The Complete Guide

Not only is the Penas Blancas border itself more confusing than other ones I’ve come across in the region, but the process of actually getting to the border and then onto your final destination is also confusing.

That’s why I’m sharing ALL the information below on how to get to/from the border from various locations in Costa Rica and Nicaragua. I’ve also written a play-by-play of what to expect at the border itself, because there are a lot of steps at this one.

How the Penas Blancas Border Crossing Works

Here is a very quick overview of what to expect at the Penas Blancas border crossing. Don’t worry, you can scroll further down to read my in-depth account of our experience at this border.

In order to complete the Costa Rica to Nicaragua border crossing at Penas Blancas, you’ll need to follow this route:

  1. Get to Penas Blancas (more instructions below)
  2. Pay Costa Rica exit tax
  3. Exit Costa Rica
  4. Walk 300m across no man’s land
  5. Get vaccine card checked twice
  6. Enter Nicaragua and pay entry tax
  7. Chicken bus or taxi to onward destination (more instructions below)

Travel Requirements for the Costa Rica to Nicaragua Border

Before you complete this border crossing, you should also be prepared with some important items or details.

These travel requirements include:

  • Pre-booked accommodation in Nicaragua: Immigration officials will ask for your address in Nicaragua so it’s good to have at least your first night booked. We stayed at Saltwater Hostel in San Juan del Sur. It had great chilled vibes and was only $10/night for a dorm bed!
  • USD cash: There is an exit tax and an entry tax at this border, and it’s required to pay in USD cash. So definitely be sure to have this on hand before you get to the border!
  • Six-months passport validity: It’s always recommended to have a minimum of six months of passport validity and at least two empty passport pages before you cross any international border. Some countries turn you away without this.
  • Check entry requirements: It’s different for every nationality, so check on your government website. Currently, USA and UK citizens can enter Nicaragua for 90 days. Note that Nicaragua is part of the CA-4 visa agreement, meaning your 90 days are spread across the four member countries (Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala). This is something to consider if you’re backpacking Central America.
  • Yellow fever vaccine: You may be required to show a yellow fever vaccination certificate if you’ve traveled in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guyana, Panama, Venezuela, Paraguay or Peru. However it’s a bit unclear if that’s only for when you enter Nica directly from those countries. We’d recently been in four of those countries but weren’t asked to show our certificates.
  • Check health requirements: I’m sure you know that things are constantly changing regarding COVID-19 travel rules and you shouldn’t trust travel blogs regarding this – go to the official embassy website. Currently to enter Nicaragua, we needed to show our vaccination cards. If you’re unvaccinated you need a negative COVID test.

Is Proof of Onward Travel Required?

From our research, proof of onward travel was NOT required to enter Nicaragua. We were not asked for any proof of onward travel at the border.

If you are traveling in the opposite direction, from Nicaragua to Costa Rica, then you WILL need proof of onward travel. There are ways to get this officially, without spending any money. I share more details on onward travel for Costa Rica in this border crossing post.

Where to Begin Your Journey in Costa Rica

Our first major pain point for the Costa Rica to Nicaragua border crossing was figuring out where we needed to begin our journey.

It is easiest to travel from Costa Rica to Nicaragua if you begin your journey in Liberia or San Jose:

From Liberia: Grupo Transbasa bus line has direct routes to the Penas Blancas border every 45 minutes from 5am-6:30pm daily. There is a link to their current schedules on their website.

From San Jose: Ticabus is an international bus line that can take you directly from San Jose, Costa Rica to Managua, Nicaragua. You will get off the bus at the border and then get back on the same bus. You can view schedules and purchase tickets online – although be warned their website is a bit wonky.

However, both Liberia and San Jose are big cities that we weren’t nearby or really desired to spend any time in. We also had no desire to end up all the way in Managua, Nicaragua – which is the least safe city in the country.

What We Did Instead: La Fortuna to Penas Blancas

Personally, we were in La Fortuna, which is a wonderful little town surrounded by hot springs, waterfalls, the Arenal Volcano, and adventure sports. You’ll probably be visiting La Fortuna while in Costa Rica!

Rather than take a terrible and convoluted route from La Fortuna to Liberia (or spend a lot of $$$ on a shuttle), we decided instead to attempt the border crossing directly from La Fortuna. We found ZERO information on this route online, but luckily we got by with the help of some friendly Costa Ricans and probably some luck, too.

Ultimately the journey from La Fortuna to Penas Blancas was not difficult at all – it was just a bit unnerving since we were winging it. I’ve included full directions below so you can complete the same journey with a bit more confidence!

Costa Rica to Nicaragua Border Crossing at Penas Blancas: The Complete Guide

Okay, this is a long and confusing one, folks. But I took notes during our border crossing so I could give you the full details!

Our full journey went a little like this: La Fortuna > El Tanque > Upala > Penas Blancas > Border Crossing > La Virgen > San Juan del Sur.

PHEW! Read on for the full directions.

1. Get to El Tanque from La Fortuna, Costa Rica

A few days before our border crossing, Dan and I lurked around the La Fortuna bus station and spoke to some locals about the best way to attempt this border crossing. With their help, we discovered a route that would take us to Penas Blancas with (hopefully) just two buses.

Our first step was to get from La Fortuna to El Tanque, a very small town just about 15 minutes away by car.

La Fortuna to El Tanque by Bus

It is possible to take the public bus from La Fortuna to El Tanque (but I don’t recommend it – read on). The bus leaves at 6:30am, but it’s recommended to get to the bus station for 6:15am. It costs 750 CRC (~$1.25 USD) and takes 15 minutes.

HOWEVER! The day Dan and I crossed the border, we waited around at the bus station and 6:30am came and went. The bus was late! We started getting anxious because we were told we needed to be in El Tanque by 7am-7:20am to catch our next bus. If we missed that bus, our entire border crossing day was screwed.

La Fortuna to El Tanque by Taxi/Uber

So… we ordered an uber. Luckily, the uber came in about one minute to pick us up at the bus station. The total journey took 15 minutes and cost 2,370 CRC (~$4 USD).

For the uber directions, we just put in El Tanque, and then told the driver that we needed to get to the bus stop for the bus to Upala (more details below). Luckily he knew where that was.

Ultimately, I definitely recommend just taking an uber to El Tanque and don’t screw around waiting for the bus. It’s not worth it if you miss it!

Cost: 2,370 CRC / ~$4 USD total or ~$2 USD per person

Time: 30 minutes

The La Fortuna bus station.
The La Fortuna bus station.

2. Bus El Tanque – Upala

There is no bus station in El Tanque, just a small shelter on the side of the road. The bus stop is located as you turn left off El Colono / 142 onto another road that’s also called 142 (at this intersection, the original 142 coming from La Fortuna changes into 141). To help, see this location pin on Google Maps.

Another way to find the bus stop is to put in “Antojitos ISA” into Google Maps. This is a small soda located right next to the bus stop. You could even get breakfast here if you have time. I got a to-go coffee with milk for 1,000 CRC. Needs must at 7am, lol.

The next bus you need to get is from El Tanque to Upala (the same bus will continue on to Penas Blancas after a break in Upala).

This bus originates elsewhere but is supposed to pass through El Tanque around 7am-7:20am daily. You can check at the tourist kiosk near La Fortuna bus station to confirm the timing, which is what we did.

Right at 7:10am, a double decker blue Transpisa bus arrived. It said Upala on the front windshield, not Penas Blancas. We hailed it and got on.

The bus tickets cost 2,900 CRC (~$4.88 USD) per person and there was plenty of room to sit. We stored our big backpacks in the under hold.

As a side note, the bus we were originally supposed to take from La Fortuna never passed through El Tanque! So we were really glad we took an uber, to say the least.

Cost: 2,900 CRC / $4.88 USD per person

Time: 10 minutes waiting, 2.5 hours to Upala

A blue bus shelter and the brown building in the background is Antojito's ISA soda.
This is what the bus stop looks like where you should wait. It is a blue shelter and the brown building in the background is Antojito’s ISA soda.
An early morning coffee “para llevar” from Antojito’s soda didn’t hurt! It was going to be a loooong day…

3. 20 Minute Break at Upala Bus Terminal

We arrived to Upala bus station around 9:40am. Keep in mind that lots of people get on and off at various stops, and there are about three previous stops in Upala before you get to the main bus terminal (it is obvious when you are there).

Once at Upala, we all had to get off the bus, but our big backpacks remained in the hold. This is a relatively small bus station with a few sodas, benches, and bathrooms. It costs 350 CRC (~$.60 USD) to use the bathrooms.

Cost:

Time: 20 minutes

A short gray building with a green sign that says terminal de buses de upala.
Upala bus terminal.

4. Bus Upala – Penas Blancas

We reboarded our bus at 10am and paid the driver for our bus ticket from Upala to Penas Blancas. This cost 4,500 CRC ($7.58 USD) for two people. We were told only 4,200 CRC (so, 2,100 CRC per person), however the driver only had change for 4,500 CRC…. this happens a lot in Costa Rica.

Next, our bus traveled onward from Upala to Penas Blancas. This part of the journey went really smoothly and took about three hours. We arrived to the border around 1pm, so yes, it was a long morning!

Cost: 2,250 CRC / $3.78 USD per person

Time: 3 hours

A bus with a sign that says Penas Blancas.
We reboarded the same bus to get to Penas Blancas.

5. Pay Costa Rica Exit Tax

Once we arrived at the Penas Blancas border, the bus driver directed us to these super random houses. If you face away from border they’re on your left (see the photo below). Here, we had to pay the Costa Rica exit tax (“impuesto de salida”).

Weirdly, there are two competing houses here. You’ll probably see a couple people yelling you over, urging you to go into their house and not their neighbor’s. Yes, these look like houses people live in. And yes, they’re actually official (somewhat).

We went to the house on the left. There is a sign saying $8 exit tax with a $2 service charge. That service charge was annoying but we just showed our passports, paid, and got our receipts (that said $8…). Please note that NO cards are accepted and they don’t always give you change, according to reports. You also need to pay in USD and not CRC.

Note: Later in the Costa Rica immigration building we did see a console / ATM-thing that said “impuesto de salida” and it only charged $5 exit tax and a $2 “luggage fee”, and you could also pay with card. This definitely looked more official, and was only $7 compared to $10 at the odd houses. However the screen was black and I’m unsure it was operable. To be honest, it was annoying, but worth the potential extra $3 to not have to walk there and back in the heat with our backpacks…

Cost: $10 USD per person

Time: 15 minutes

A green house with a red banner that says pague aqui su impuesto de salida.
What one of the exit tax houses looks like. This is the one on the left that we went to.
$8 exit tax and $2 service charge.
A white receipt and blue passport.
After you pay the exit tax you will be given a receipt that looks like this. Don’t lose it because you need to show it to immigration.
A BCR console at the Costa Rica immigration office to pay the exit tax.
This is what the console looks like – but I’m pretty sure it was out of order.

6. Exit Costa Rica

From the strange exit tax houses, we walked right toward the Costa Rica immigration building. It is on your left hand side and the door says “salida”. We waited in a short line here, and the Costa Rican immigration officials checked our passports and stamped them – no questions. They did look at the exit tax receipt and approve it, so it’s not a complete scam.

Outside this building there is a free toilet. I recommend you use it as the next few steps take a long time.

Cost: –

Time: 15 minutes

Making our way to the Costa Rica immigration building. As you can see, no line!
The entry for exiting Costa Rica along the Costa Rica Nicaragua border at Penas Blancas.
Entering the office to exit Costa Rica! Ironically, you go in the big door that says “salidas”.

7. Cross No Man’s Land

Next, you have to walk across no man’s land between Costa Rica and Nicaragua. This no man’s land is no joke – it’s about 300 meters along a very hot paved road. This was our longest no man’s land so far on our travels!

I did not find the area sketchy or concerning at all. There is a police presence, as well as other travelers crossing on foot. When we crossed the road was also at a standstill with truck traffic.

Keep your passport and vaccine card accessible during this walk. After about 120m we had to show our passports to a Costa Rican border patrol, who checked that we had our exit stamp.

After an additional 60m we had to show our passports again to another police guy (I’m assuming Nicaraguan). Here, we also had to show our vaccine cards to a health official.

Then, we walked another around 60-80m before we had to cross the road when we saw a sign for Nicaraguan immigration. It’s easy to find this because there is a big parking lot with a big white building and a few other buildings.

Cost: –

Time: 20 minutes

Dan walking through no man’s land! As you can see it’s well paved with lots of standstill trucks.
Once you get to this building you need to cross over to the other side of the road to go to the Nicaragua immigration buildings!

8. Show Vaccine Card

Once in the big parking lot, there is a smaller building for health requirement checks, and a larger main immigration building. We decided to go to small building first because the line was short, and we figured it would be awful to wait in long line at the main building only to find out we had to get health stuff sorted first.

I’m so glad we did this because later on we saw a lot of people get turned away after waiting hours in line because they hadn’t gotten their health documents checked first!

After waiting in line, we showed our vaccine cards again and got a tiny piece of paper handwritten with our initials and the date. That was it!

Note: Don’t lose this paper! It looks unassuming but it’s very important later.

Cost: –

Time: 20 minutes

A white building with people waiting in lines in front.
Waiting in line at this small building to show our vaccine cards. Stop here before you go to the main building!
I was given a little piece of paper with my initials, the date, and a stamp. Don’t lose this because you need to show it to the Nicaraguan immigration official later on.

9. Enter Nicaragua

Next, we walked over to the main immigration building where we got in line. And what a line it was. We arrived around 1:30pm and waited in line until 3:15pm.

While waiting in line an immigration official came by and took a $1 USD per person “municipality tax.”

Once we got up to the main border agent we had to pay another tax. The Nicaragua entry tax was $14 USD per person. We were expecting it to be $13, but it was $14 so either we got scammed or inflation has made itself known here as well. (I’d be interested if you comment below what you get charged!)

The official asked us a few questions at this point – including our occupations. I recommend stating your occupation at home and not just saying you’re “traveling” because that can raise red flags about whether you’ll leave the country. I’ve also been told to avoid mentioning if you’re a journalist.

After getting our passport stamps, we walked past immigration and put our luggage through the scanners. And that was that!

Cost: $15 USD per person

Time: 2 hours

Dan walking toward the main Nicaragua immigration building.
The line we waited in for 2 hours! It was sooo hot.

10. Chicken Bus to Penas Blancas – La Virgen via Rivas

At last! It’s time for your onward travel to, well, wherever you’re heading in Nicaragua. I discuss the various options more in depth in the next section. Personally, though, we were heading to San Juan del Sur, a beachy backpacker surf town on the Pacific Coast (for the record, this is where every other traveler was heading, too).

We took the iconic, cheap, and chaotic chicken buses all the way to San Juan del Sur (#ForTheBlog #ForTheBudget). However, I will say that as soon as you walk past the border grounds you’ll be bombarded by taxi drivers. They’ll offer $25 USD to San Juan del Sur, which you can barter down to $22 USD pretty easily. If you split this with other travelers, it’s a great deal.

To get to where the chicken buses leave, you need to walk through the mob of taxi drivers about 100m. There is a big parking lot with chicken buses on your left – it’s extremely obvious and you can’t miss it!

Once in the parking lot, we spoke to some locals who told us where to wait for the bus to Rivas. There are also buses leaving express to Managua, and you want to avoid these. Each bus has a big sign where it’s heading.

Get on the chicken bus to Rivas (ours left at 4:20pm – they leave every 30 to 45 minutes). For the most direct route to San Juan del Sur, sit near the front (if you can) and tell the driver you want to get off at “La Virgen” (pronounced “la beer-hen”). It cost us only 20 NIO (~$.55 USD). The journey took about 35 minutes and we got off the bus at 4:55pm.

Cost: 20 NIO / $.55 USD per person

Time: 1 hour

The parking lot where the chicken buses are, about 100m after you walk through the Nicaragua border area.
The chicken bus we took from Penas Blancas to La Virgen!

11. Chicken Bus to La Virgen – San Juan del Sur

After getting off the chicken bus in La Virgen, you are literally on the side of the road in the middle of nowhere (for this reason, you really do need to tell the driver where you want to get off, otherwise you’ll never see it and they’ll drive straight past).

Luckily, Dan and I found a couple other travelers doing the same route and we banded together. To get to where the next chicken bus leaves, you cross the main road (route 1) and turn onto the intersecting road (route 16). Search “La Virgen” on Google Maps and you’ll see.

We walked along route 16 for about 10 minutes staying on the right-hand side of the road (the direction for travel to San Juan del Sur). There is no bus stop or station for chicken buses, so we just kept our eyes out for it! Thankfully, a chicken bus zoomed past at about 5:20pm and we hopped on. It cost 30 NIO (~$.82 USD) and took about 20 minutes driving to reach San Juan del Sur. Once in SJDS, it was easy to walk to Saltwater Hostel, where we stayed and where I recommend!

Cost: 30 NIO / $.82 USD per person

Time: 45 minutes

Sunset in SJDS on our first night, as we walked to our hostel!
Surfboard at our hostel. Welcome to Nica!

Onward Travel From the Costa Rica Nicaragua Border

Chances are, you’re probably heading to San Juan del Sur, too. It’s an incredibly popular backpacker location. It was a little too party-central for my taste, but it’s a great first stop to get your bearings as it’s relatively close to the border. Just use my instructions above for onward travel to San Juan del Sur!

Other options for onward travel from the Costa Rica – Nicaragua border include:

  • Ometepe: This double volcano island is a backpacker must-visit while in Nicaragua. It would be a rush to get here in one day from the border. You’d have to take the chicken bus to Rivas, a taxi or bus to San Jorge ferry terminal, and then a ferry to Ometepe. It’s achievable if you cross the border really early in the morning, though.
  • Granada: The colorful colonial city I fell in love with in Nicaragua! Take the chicken bus to Rivas, and then another chicken bus to Granada. Again, it’s a long journey for one day especially if you’re coming from further afield in Costa Rica.
  • Managua: Nicaragua’s capital city is not really a travel destination in itself, and it’s a bit seedy and unsafe. However it’s a good jumping off point for flights to the Corn Islands, or onward travel to Leon. The most direct route is the TransNica bus from San Jose, Costa Rica all the way through to Managua, Nicaragua.

For more onward travel plans, Rome2Rio is my go-to free tool to figure out travel routes. I will say that I found it pretty inaccurate for bus travel in Costa Rica to the border, and it doesn’t include any data on chicken buses. So, it’s a less reliable tool in this region than elsewhere.

Shuttle vs. Public Transport

At this point you may be wondering, why not just take a shuttle?

Undoubtedly, a private shuttle would be a LOT easier than the combination of chicken buses, public buses, and ubers we took during our border crossing adventure.

Actually, shuttle was our original plan – but it is just way too expensive to justify, at least for our travel budget.

Caribe Shuttle seems to be the highest recommended border crossing shuttle, but take the prices on their website with a grain of salt. They don’t include taxes, and more importantly, the shuttle needs a minimum of four people for you to get the listed price.

We contacted them about travel from La Fortuna to San Juan del Sur, but unfortunately the price we were quoted was $150 per person (whereas it says $66 per person on their website). We actually contacted them with two weeks’ notice, but unfortunately no other travelers joined to cut down the price.

Alternatively, it costs $45 per person (if the shuttle is full) from Liberia to San Juan del Sur. However it takes three different buses and basically a whole day of travel to reach Liberia from La Fortuna, so this was another no-go.

Note that those prices don’t include the $25 USD worth of exit and entry taxes at the border.

If you’re up for a bit of adventure, I recommend doing this border crossing by public transport rather than an expensive private shuttle. It’s a long day but not that difficult in the end, and you’ll save a ton of money.

Costa Rica to Nicaragua Border Crossing Overview

Everyone’s border crossing experience will be a little bit different. Ours is based on traveling from La Fortuna, Costa Rica to San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua. Traveling in a couple, we also get the benefit of splitting the uber cost. We also had a long two hour wait at this border, which I think is pretty normal and something you should consider in your plans.

Total time: 12 hours

Total cost: $37.03 USD per person

Safety Tips for the Costa Rica Nicaragua Border

Generally, I felt pretty safe at this border. There is a large traveler presence because this is the main border between Costa Rica and Nicaragua. Many “expats” (I hate that term) do border runs here so it is heavily trafficked and there is usually an English-speaking person around somewhere to help.

Saying that, you still need to have your wits about you.

In order to remain safe at the Costa Rica – Nicaragua border, here are a few tips:

  • Have a secure zip pocket or fanny pack for your passport and vaccine cards. I found myself taking my passport out a LOT at this border. It would be easy to lose it in the hustle so I was really glad I had a fanny pack for this one. This is the passport case I use, and this is the travel fanny pack I use.
  • Begin your day as early as possible, to give yourself plenty of daylight to complete the border crossing.
  • Don’t cross the border at night.
  • Try to join up with other travelers at the Nicaraguan border if you’re attempting the chicken buses. It can be hectic and confusing and I wouldn’t have felt comfortable doing this on my own (not due to anything sinister, but because it would be easy to get lost at La Virgen).
  • Have USD cash with you, including exact change for a $10, $1, and $14 entry/exit taxes.
  • Have some extra USD or CRC on hand to exchange into NIO at the border. This is what we did and although we lost a little bit in the exchange, we thought it was fair and worth it in order to enter a new country with a little cash on hand!
  • Use your valuables (camera, phone, jewelry, wallet) discreetly.

Final Thoughts on the Costa Rica to Nicaragua Border Crossing

I really hope this guide was helpful to any fellow travelers attempting the Costa Rica to Nicaragua border crossing! It was our longest and most convoluted border crossing to date.

This is also the first article to detail the journey directly from La Fortuna – which was shocking to me as that’s such a popular tourist destination! So I really hope my firsthand account is useful to you if you’re in the same position.

If you find this guide helpful for your own border crossing journey, I’d really appreciate it if you leave a comment below. Let me know how your trip went, how much your entry/exit taxes were, and how long the line was (did we just get unlucky?!). I will keep this blog post updated so it remains useful for all of us!

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Use this detailed guide to learn how to complete the Costa Rica to Nicaragua border crossing at Penas Blancas with public transport.
Use this detailed guide to learn how to complete the Costa Rica to Nicaragua border crossing at Penas Blancas with public transport.

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Oh hey! I’m Sarah, the writer behind Endless Distances. When I’m not here, spilling all my gluten free travel and wellness travel tips, you can… find me on the floor at parties petting the dog.

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